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雪山小屋,不只是滑雪者的舞台第1张图片

美国Horizon社区
Horizon Neighborhood / MacKay-Lyons Sweetapple Architects

由专筑网小R,王雪纯编译

Horizon社区位于美国犹他州Powder山海拔9000英尺(约2742.3米)处,社区共有30间小木屋,面积从1000平方英尺(约92.9平方米)到3000平方英尺(约278.7平方米)不等,另外还有一系列的车库,一个名为“Pioneer小屋”的公共空间。社区共有4种空间类型,小屋沿着山体轮廓布局,远远看上去,有的形如山羊角,有的则如同滑雪者般具有动态感。每座小屋都为使用者专门定制。主题与不同设计策略戏剧化地结合在场地之中,形成了强大的统一感与多样性。项目中已经完工了8座小屋,剩下的小屋正在施工之中。

Horizon is the first pre-designed neighborhood to be built at 9,000 feet elevation on Powder Mountain, Utah. It consists of 30 cabins ranging in size from 1,000- 3,000 square feet, along with a series of strategically placed garages, and a communal lodge called the ‘Pioneer Cabin’ for the use of the homeowners. Buyers choose from four typologies, which either follow the contours like mountain goats, or are cross-grain, projecting off the mountainside like extreme skiers. The cabins are then customized for each owner. The theme and variation strategy, in combination with the dramatic topography, results in a neighborhood that has a powerful sense of both unity and variety. The first eight cabins are now complete, with subsequent units under construction.

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该项目是Summit Series的基地,吸引了社会各界人士,该社区表达了山顶场地的特有价值观,即联合建筑、气候呼应,以及场地管理。这并不只是个滑雪场地,还是专为企业家与创意人士量身定制的社区,让人们能够共同应对全球挑战。

Commissioned as a home base for Summit Series, an ambitious speaker program that attracts a community of innovators and social impact investors from a broad range of fields, this new village is an architectural expression of Summit’s values: community building, climate responsiveness and land stewardship. This isn’t another ski resort, but rather a planned community for entrepreneurs and creatives working together to address global challenges.

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小屋环绕院落而排布,充分提升了社区感,与其同时,使用者的隐私也被充分保护,促进人们之间的交流与互动。人们可以在车库、单元之间、连接构件之间游走,这种感觉就像是“蛇与梯子”,建筑和连接体的排布尽量减少对人们景观视线的影响,为行人提供宽阔的日落视野。

The cabins are aggregated around courtyards in a way that maximizes both community and privacy to foster chance meetings and social interactions. The experience of passing from garages, between units and under bridges is like a game of ‘Snakes and Ladders’. The siting of the buildings and bridges was also carefully organized to minimize views into neighboring units, while framing unobstructed, southwest sunset views.

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建筑师使用了被动式太阳能策略,结合混凝土楼面的热舒适性和地暖循环系统。钢结构让建筑在整个场地之中看起来十分耀眼。一系列的院落形成了开放式景观微气候。这个密集的社区让Powder山约11500英亩的场地仍然保持原生状态,能够造福子孙后代。

Climate responsiveness begins with passive solar orientation, combined with thermal mass concrete floors and hydronic-in-floor heating. The steel stilts make the buildings light on the fragile high desert landscape. A series of protected courtyards create micro-climates in an otherwise open, windswept landscape. The dense neighborhood will allow the majority of Powder Mountain’s 11,500 acres to remain undeveloped, and conserved for future generations.

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MacKay-Lyons Sweetapple事务所设计的低调的小屋形态与西部山区典型度假建筑形成鲜明的对比。每座小屋都由雪松木瓦屋面和垂直雪松面板墙体制成,设计灵感来源于山谷下方覆盖着雪松的谷仓。覆盖着铝板的木窗和雪松木室内空间构成了具有“传统般现代感”的塑形空间效果。这里每年的降雪量极高,因此人们可以通过钢桥直接进入到建筑的二层。

MacKay-Lyons Sweetapple’s modest cabins stand in contrast to the excessive architecture that is now typical of resorts in the Mountain West. Each cabin consists of a cedar-shingled roof and vertical shiplap cedar walls inspired by the cedar clad barns of the Eden valley below. Aluminum-clad wood windows, and cedar interiors complete the monolithic sculptural effect called ‘Heritage Modern’ by the clients. The cabins are accessed on the second floor via steel bridges due to the extremely high annual snowfall that gives Powder Mountain its name.

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自从去年MacKay-Lyons Sweetapple事务所在丹佛成立以来,这是该事务所在美国的首个完工项目。该项目结合了多种地域性建筑类型与文化材料,还呼应了当地的气候与景观特征,从而打造出能够表达建筑品质、激发人们共鸣的现代建筑。类似的村落项目还有加拿大安大略Bigwin小岛上的系列小屋,以及Cape Breton的“金色树林(Golden Groves)”项目,还大西洋沿岸的Shobac农场。

This is MacKay-Lyons Sweetapple’s first completed project of many currently in construction in the United States since opening a satellite studio in Denver last year. The practice is well known for drawing on regional building practices and material culture, and looking to local climate and landscape, to create responsive contemporary architecture that expresses archetypal qualities and universal resonance. Similar village making projects include a recent collection of cabins on Bigwin Island in Muskoka, Ontario, Golden Groves at Margaree in Cape Breton, and Shobac Farm in Nova Scotia, on the edge of the Atlantic Ocean.

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建筑设计:MacKay-Lyons Sweetapple Architects
地点:美国,犹他州
类型:住宅
主创建筑师:MacKay-Lyons Sweetapple Architects
设计负责人:Brian MacKay-Lyons
项目时间:2019年
摄影:Doublespace Photography, Paul Bundy
制造商:Bosch, California Faucets, Duravit, Hansgrohe, Owens Corning, Google, Autodesk, Thermador, Stuv
项目建筑师:Duncan Patterson, Jennifer Esposito
项目团队:Reid Joslin, Matt Jones, Ben Fuglevand, Farhan Durrani, Paulette Cameron,
室内设计:Diana Carl, Sawa Rostkowska
客户:Powder Mountain
结构顾问:Dynamic Structures
土木顾问:Talisman Civil Consultants
电力顾问:BNA Engineer
施工方:Mountain Resort Builders
定制家具:Haley Duffin & Megan Rider for Powder Mountain
“Cross Grain”单元- Capella小屋:1291.0 平方英尺(约119.9平方米)
“Cross Grain”单元– Indus小屋:1919.0 平方英尺(约178.3平方米)
“Parallel Grain” 单元- Vega 小屋:1956.0 平方英尺(约181.7平方米)
“Parallel Grain” 单元– Lyra小屋:3009.0 平方英尺(约279.5平方米)

Architects: MacKay-Lyons Sweetapple Architects
Location: Eden, United States
Category: Houses
Lead Architects: MacKay-Lyons Sweetapple Architects
Design Lead: Brian MacKay-Lyons
Project Year: 2019
Photographs: Doublespace Photography, Paul Bundy
Manufacturers: Bosch, California Faucets, Duravit, Hansgrohe, Owens Corning, Google, Autodesk, Thermador, Stuv
Project Architects: Duncan Patterson, Jennifer Esposito
Project Team: Reid Joslin, Matt Jones, Ben Fuglevand, Farhan Durrani, Paulette Cameron, and interior design by Diana Carl, Sawa Rostkowska
Clients: Powder Mountain
Structural Consultants: Dynamic Structures
Civil Consultants: Talisman Civil Consultants
Electrical Consultants: BNA Engineer
Construction: Mountain Resort Builders
Custom Interior Design: Haley Duffin & Megan Rider for Powder Mountain
‘Cross Grain’ Units - Capella Cabin: 1291.0 ft2
‘Cross Grain’ Units - Indus Cabin: 1919.0 ft2
‘Parallel Grain’ Units - Vega Cabin: 1956.0 ft2
‘Parallel Grain’ Units - Lyra Cabin: 3009.0 ft2

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