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记忆宫殿:书写历史长河大事记第1张图片

Es Devlin's Memory Palace model maps out momentous events in history

由专筑网小R,王雪纯编译

Es Devlin在Pitzhanger展馆中展出的三维地图完美地表述了各个历史大事件,其中有早期人类所留下的痕迹,也有关于气候的瑞典会议。

这座新装置由伦敦Pitzhanger展馆设计,宽度为18米,按照时间顺序排列出了各个重大历史事件。

From the cave markings left by early man to the Swedish Parliament where Greta Thunberg began her climate strike, Es Devlin has represented crucial historical moments on a three-dimensional map at Pitzhanger gallery.
Designed for the Pitzhanger Manor & Gallery in Ealing, London, the new installation takes the form of an 18-metre-wide topographical model of a landscape made up of momentous historical events in chronological order.

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该装置名为“记忆宫殿”,其设计灵感来源于起源于古希腊的记忆技术,这种技术依赖于物理位置的视觉化特征,从而激活记忆。

艺术家兼设计师Es Devlin决定绘制过去75000年的历史重大时刻地图,她认为,这些时间点能够“激发人们的集体记忆”,同时引发人们之间的讨论。

The installation, titled Memory Palace, takes its name from a mnemonic technique originating in ancient Greece that relies on the visualisation of physical locations to be able to activate memories and recall information.
Artist and set designer Es Devlin chose to map specific iconic moments in history from the past seventy-five millennia that she thought would "invoke our collective memories", while also provoking dialogue and debate amongst viewers.

记忆宫殿:书写历史长河大事记第3张图片

设计师说:“我还小的时候,我常常见到一个小镇模型,它的比例为1:100,这个模型展示于‘son et lumiere’展览中。每座建筑的窗户都能发光,从而更好地定位每个故事。”

“某种程度而言,这就是一座记忆宫殿,想法、文字、声音都结合在物理建筑之中,我从来不会忘记这些故事,因为每个故事都存在于不可磨灭的日常记忆之中。”

"When I was a child I lived next door to a 1:100 scale model of my town which performed a 'son et lumiere' show," said the designer. "The windows of individual buildings would illuminate to locate stories told in voiceover."
"In a way it was a memory palace in action: ideas, words and sounds indexed within physical architecture: I never forgot any of those stories as each was indelibly etched into the buildings I passed daily," she added.

记忆宫殿:书写历史长河大事记第4张图片

这座通高的雕塑构成环绕弯曲的空间,覆盖着天花板和远处墙体的镜面反射着表面,构成如地球般的沉浸式环境。

该装置的主体部分由竹子通过CNC加工而成,建筑与纪念碑都为3D打印,这样能够有更多的细部设施。这个装置的制作时间大约为5个月。

The floor-to-ceiling sculpture curves around the space, while mirrors covering the ceiling and far wall reflect its surfaces to create an immersive, globe-like surrounding.
The main body of the piece was CNC milled from bamboo, and the buildings and monuments were 3D-printed to achieve more detail. The structure took five months to fabricate.

记忆宫殿:书写历史长河大事记第5张图片

标记的时间与地点包括南非洞穴,在这里留有旧石器时代的智人印记。

另外还有文艺复兴时期波兰Frombork的塔楼,在那里数学家兼天文学家哥白尼于1543年绘制了第一张日心说地图。

每个重大时刻都通过建筑、城市、场地的碎片方式记录了下来,这些碎片共同构成了Devlin的“思想革新”个性化地图。

其他地点还有伦敦Clarendon广场的房间,在那里18世纪英国原始女权主义者Mary Wollstonecroft在1792年书写了《女权辩护(A Vindication of the Rights of Women)》一书,另外还有美国阿拉巴马州Montgomery的街道,曾是美国活动家Rosa Parks于1955年在隔离巴士上拒绝让座的地点。

Marked times and places include the caves in southern Africa where homo sapiens left their first markings in the Paleolithic era.
The Renaissance period is represented by the tower in Frombork, Poland, where mathematician and astronomer Nicolaus Copernicus drew the first heliocentric map of the universe in 1543.
Each of these critical moments are represented as fragments of buildings, cities and land that come together to form Devlin's personalised map of the "evolution of thought".
Other locations include the rooms in Clarendon Square, London, where 18th-century British proto-feminist Mary Wollstonecroft wrote A Vindication of the Rights of Women in 1792, and the street in Montgomery, Alabama, where American activist Rosa Parks refused to give up her seat on the segregated bus in 1955.

记忆宫殿:书写历史长河大事记第6张图片

这个模型上表达的最新活动是在2018年8月,瑞典环境活动家Greta Thunberg在斯德哥尔摩Riksdaghuset的台阶上开始了“针对气候的学生罢课”活动行为。

Devlin说:“最为深刻且紧迫的思想变革存在于这个事件地图的边缘,当前我们经历着各项改变,我们需要根据气候的变革来重新估量所有的行为。”

“我希望,在历史痕迹的包围下,人们能够明白,人类有可能实现集体化视角的变革。”

The most recent event featured on the model is from August 2018, illustrated in the form of the steps of the Riksdaghuset in Stockholm where Swedish environmental activist Greta Thunberg began her School Strike for Climate.
"Arguably the most profound and urgent shift in thinking is located at the far edge of the chronological atlas, in the present: it's the shift we are now beginning to undertake as we re-evaluate all of our practices in the light of the climate crisis," said Devlin.
"It's my hope that, surrounded by the traces of our historical leaps of imagination, the viewer will feel a sense of possibility that our species can achieve another momentous collective shift of perspective," she added.

记忆宫殿:书写历史长河大事记第7张图片

位于 Pitzhanger的展馆于2019年春季重新开放,这里也是建筑师John Soane 的家乡,Devlin的记忆宫殿是这里的第二期展览。

展馆主办方认为,Devlin的地图装置与Soane建筑作品中的模型应用以及经典收藏品有着异曲同工之妙。

设计师还将Soane的图书馆空间改造为一间阅览室,里面摆放了介绍其作品的书籍。

Devlin's Memory Palace is the second exhibition to be held in the Pitzhanger, the country home of architect John Soane, since its reopening in Spring 2019.
As the gallery organisers explain, Devlin's topographical sculpture shares similarities to Soane's vast use of models in his architectural practice, as well as in his classical collections.
As a nod to this, the designer has also transformed Soane's library space in the gallery into a reading room lined with books that informed the work.

记忆宫殿:书写历史长河大事记第8张图片

Devlin在2018年4月应用了同样形式的三维地图,当时她也为BIG建筑事务所创始人Bjarke Ingels设计了三联画装置,目的是推广该事务所的塔楼作品。

三个装置的第一个名为“鸡蛋”,有着曼哈顿下城区的巨型凹面形态,其上方的镜面反射出鸡蛋状的构图。

Devlin used the same format of a three-dimensional map in April 2018, when she designed a triptych of installations for architect and BIG founder Bjarke Ingels to promote a pair of twisting towers by the firm.
The first in her trio of installations was titled Egg, and took the form of a giant concave model of Lower Manhattan, with a mirror above reflecting the composition to form an egg shape.

        
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