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荷兰蒂尔堡车站——未来城市发展的先驱第1张图片

Bus Station Tilburg / architectenbureau cepezed

由专筑网小R,王雪纯编译

来自建筑事务所的描述:全新的蒂尔堡公共交通枢纽属于大规模的城市复兴项目,该项目专为旅客的舒适出行和流畅的交通体系而规划设计。建筑位于火车站的西侧,曾经的公共汽车站,原有的Tilburion公寓大楼则位于场地的西侧。

Text description provided by the architects. The new bus station is a part of the large-scale revitalization of the Tilburg public transport hub. It is fully tailored to the comfort of the travellers and to a clear and pleasant traffic flow. The facility is situated on the west side of the train station, roughly at the place that also occupied the former bus station, but with the location of the former Tilburion apartment block included on the far west side.

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极简化流线
   
空间的基本构成是有一系列轻盈的柱子,其上方支撑着极简主义雨棚结构。因此建筑整体构成了三角形的空间效果,其长度大约为160米,中央构成一片空地。公共汽车的位置则环绕着建筑外部而布局,建筑师设计了6个上车点和1个下车点。雨棚的宽度大约为14到30米,同时在轮廓上也有着两次偏移。

Minimalistic circuit
The basic setup consists of a series of very thin columns with an evenly minimalistic awning structure on top of them. The construction forms a triangular circuit with a length of over 160 meters and an open space in the centre. The bus positions are arranged around the outer side; six for boarding and one for deboarding. The awning circulation runs from 14 to 30 meters width in total and has two offsets in its contour.

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这座建筑具有一定的功能性,能协调整个城市环境,但是就视觉而言,它们和火车站的纪念风格屋面结构相呼应,汽车站的雨棚有着近似漂浮的美学效果。随着体量的部分偏移,整个建筑被分为三个部分,每个部分的中央都有着绿色植物空间,旅客们会坐在这里休息。在流线最宽的区域,其中央设置有一座亭子,这里有司机和员工的餐厅、公共运输服务点,以及符合整体功能的商业空间,另外,一个架空的露台和这个商业空间密切相连。

These are primarily functional and align with the urban context, but visually, they also resonate elegantly with the monumental roof structure of the train station. This also has an articulated structure and moreover seems to float, just like the bus station awning. The setoffs divide the overall structure into three segments. In the centre of every segment, there is green plantation surrounded by a sitting edge for the travellers. On the wide end of the circuit, the centre additionally contains a pavilion. This houses a staff canteen for the bus drivers, a public transport service point and a commercial space that has to find its function yet. An elevated terrace adjoins this commercial space.

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结合PV与EFTE薄膜的雨棚
   
宽敞的雨棚覆盖了公共汽车月台和部分停车位置,因此旅客在上下车时候不会被雨水淋到。雨棚结构由覆盖着ETFE薄膜的钢框架构成,而照明设备则位于薄膜之上。白天,雨棚能够有效地过滤阳光,而到了夜晚,上方的灯具则让车站变得明亮,给旅客们带来了安全感。

Awning with pv and etfe
The spacious awning all around fully covers the bus platforms and additionally part of the buses. Thus, travellers can always board and deboard sheltered and protected from rain. The structure consists of a steel framework covered with ETFE-foil. The lighting is fitted above this foil. During the day, the awning filters the sunlight, while during the dark hours, it becomes one large and spacious lighting element that strongly adds to the travellers’ feeling of safety.

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太阳能面板的面积大约为250平方米,位于雨棚的顶部,在强烈的日光下,它们能够在ETFE薄膜上投射出阴影,让旅客们发现它们的存在。这些面板给公共汽车站的各项功能提供充足的能源,其中包括雨棚的照明、数字信息标识、员工餐厅、公共运输服务空间的能量需求。商业空间则有着专用的能源来源。

250 m2 of solar panels lie atop of the awning. In strong daylight, these cast a shadow pattern on the ETFE that makes the travellers aware of their presence. The panels supply sufficient energy for all functionalities of the bus station, including the lighting of the awning, the digital information signs, the staff canteen and the public transport service point. The commercial space has its own energy circuit and energy meter.

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材质与细部的整合
   
建筑师十分关注建筑的美学特征和功能性质,以及人们的使用感受,因此结合了材质与建筑的细部设施。建筑师构思的是纯净的公共汽车枢纽。包含有钢板的轻薄支柱,以及排水系统和电缆,SOS按钮和对讲机也设置于其中。用作中央承重梁的折叠钢面板同样也起到了排水的作用,毗邻亭子的露台则于横梁结合在一起,这个横梁则横跨整个雨棚结构。

Integral materialization and detailing
Based on considerations regarding aesthetics as well as comfort, functionality and the use of materials, a lot of attention was paid to a setup, materialization and detailing that is as elementary as possible. Cepezed conceived a clear and pure system for the bus station and engineered it meticulously. For example, the thin columns composed of steel plates and strips also contain water drainage and electric cabling. The S.O.S.-button and intercom are also integrated into one of the columns. The folded sheet steel that functions as the central load-bearing stability beam also functions as a gutter. The lighting of the terrace adjoining the pavilion is integrated into the beams spanning the awning structure at that point.

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黑色混凝土的座椅边缘甚至包含有整体加热设施。承重凹槽中的排水孔也有助于ETFE薄膜的张力,同时数字信息显示屏则固定在设施之中。另外,每隔14米建筑师都涉及了运动传感器,这些传感器能够对公共汽车和旅客的行动做出反应,从而在每种状况下都能保证低耗能高效率。

The sitting edges of black pigmented concrete contain a number of seats executed in strip steel with integrated heating. The drainage holes in the load-bearing gutter are also used for fixation of the stretched ETFE-foil, while the digital information displays are invisibly fastened. The pavilion has a function in the overall stability of the awning. Also, movement sensors have been integrated into the steel edge of the awning every 14 meters. These respond to the presence of busses and people so that the lighting is sufficient in every situation while the use of energy is kept to a minimum.

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包容性强、维护程度低、未来前景良好
   
公共汽车站的设计具有一定的包容性,残障人士也能够轻松地通过坡道来到抬高的露台上,在露台和平台的扶手上设置有盲文标志,雨棚的ETFE薄膜具有自我清洁的功能,因此后期的维护需求很低。雨棚环绕着亭子和电缆凹槽,这加大了太阳能面板和电力装备的服务范围。整体的设计装饰很少,同时边缘较为光滑,大大降低了清洁成本,同时未来的扩建部分也已准备就绪,这里也放置额外的电力装备,它能够快速地位电力公共汽车进行充电。

Inclusive, low maintenance and future proof
The bus station was also designed for inclusiveness. For example the elevated terrace can be reached by wheel chairs through a ramp and the hand rails between the terrace and the platforms have been provided with braille signing. The ETFE foil of the awning is self-cleaning and hardly needs any maintenance. For service on the solar panels and electrical equipment, the awning circulation is easily accessible via the pavilion and a walkable cable gutter. The overall unornamented design with a minimum of edges and corners reduces the costs for cleaning. Additionally, for the future the bus station is already prepared for the placement of extra electrical equipment that can quickly charge electrical busses.

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建筑设计:architectenbureau cepezed
地点:荷兰,阿姆斯特丹
类型:公交车站,可持续发展
年份:2019年
摄影:cepezed | Lucas van der Wee
客户:蒂尔堡城市议会
结构工程:IMd Raadgevende Ingenieurs, Rotterdam
机电工程顾问:Nelissen Ingenieursbureau b.v
建筑物理、消防安全与可持续顾问:Nelissen Ingenieursbureau b.v
景观设计与城市规划:Atelier Quadrat
照明:Atelier LEK
总承包商:BAM Infra bv, Gouda
钢结构承包商:Buiting Staalbouw,
装置承包商:Hoppenbouwers Techniek

Architects: architectenbureau cepezed
Location: Tilburg, The Netherlands
Category: Bus Station, Sustainability
Year: 2019
Photographs: cepezed | Lucas van der Wee
Clients: City council Tilburg
Structural Engineering: IMd Raadgevende Ingenieurs, Rotterdam
Consultant mechanical & electrical engineering: Nelissen Ingenieursbureau b.v
Consultant building physics, fire safety and sustainability: Nelissen Ingenieursbureau b.v
Landscape architect/ urban planner: Atelier Quadrat
Lighting: Atelier LEK
Main Contractor: BAM Infra bv, Gouda
Contractor Steel Construction: Buiting Staalbouw,
Contractor Installations: Hoppenbouwers Techniek

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