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捷克Amos小学——简约而不简单第1张图片

Elementary School Amos / SOA Architekti

由专筑网小R编译

来自建筑事务所的描述:新校区有着自身的特征,由于其规模,建筑及其入口区域并没有影响到当地的功能和环境,项目位于连接校园和广场轴线的末端,表达了其具有活力的街道潜力。建筑的社区特征来源于一座公共图书馆,这座图书馆面向村庄,位于角落之中。

Text description provided by the architects. The new school campus creates within the municipality a place with its own identity. Despite its size, the building and its entrance area are not disturbing the spatial and functional context of the place as it stands on the other end of an urban axis connecting the campus with the village square unveiling its potential to become a lively street. The community character of the building is visually supported by a public library situated in an exposed corner facing the village.

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学校位于斜坡之上,建筑师应用了不同的楼层,一侧面向入口区域,另一侧面向校园。大型建筑划分为几个结构体量,最大程度地适应周边环境。

The school is set in a mellow slope and the design works with different floor counts facing the entrance area on one side and the school grounds on the other one. The large building is divided into several structural volumes to adapt to the scale of the neighbourhood at its most.   

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建筑外部朝向公共空间,并且通过4个主要的坡屋顶体量而构成,这些体量简约表达,其设计灵感来源于当地村庄的类型学特征。体量之间的连接处有着低一些的入口区,结合了平屋顶,其中包含有诸如食堂和体育场等公共区域。中心部分有着轮廓明确的落叶松面板,与周围的白色立面形成对比,建筑的窗户根据内部的功能,拥有不同的透明度。

The appearance of the building towards public space is determined by four dominant two-level pitched-roof volumes with minimalistic archetypal expression inspired by rural typology accommodating classrooms and school administration. As for connecting elements in between, there is a lower entrance structure with a flat roof containing common areas such as the school canteen and gymnasiums. Contrasting with the minimalistic white facade of the surrounding structures this central volume is cladded with distinctively profiled vertical larch slats also covering windows allowing for different transparency levels according to interior requirements.      

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建筑布局。室内设计以“景观学习”为主题,就像是一个为光所淹没的流动空间,依据功能的使用而构成不同开放等级的区域。建筑还可以用于课外和社区活动,充分表达了公共空间的视觉与设计感受。

Building layout. The interior is designed as "learning landscape“, a light-flooded fluid space that creates naturally defined zones of different privacy levels according to space use. The building is also used for afterschool activities and as a community center which is well reflected in the designed quality of common spaces both visual and functional.

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学校的中心是食堂,这个通高的多功能空间一直延伸至入口门厅,通过巧妙的布局这里可以改造为附近小型体育馆的礼堂,这座体育馆位于食堂墙体的后方。食堂旁侧的露台外部有着绿色斜坡,这里也是学校的活动场所,延伸了地面层的学习空间。

The heart of the school is the canteen situated in the central building. This double-height multifunctional space continues into the entrance foyer and thanks to ingenious floor plan can be turned into an auditorium for a stage placed in the adjacent small gymnasium behind a large movable partition in the canteen wall. The outdoor terrace next to the canteen sheltered by a green land slope provides as part of the school grounds an additional place for interaction and extends the teaching space of workshops on the ground floor at the same time.

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学习区域位于旁侧的白色建筑之中,它们环绕着楼梯而排布。每个区域都由两至三间教室和一间中央大厅构成,并且还有着室外空间,这些区域有着独特的色彩特征。空间上构成了视觉连接,这些区域在大型建筑中构成了自然封闭的小型单元,满足多种教学功能,学生们可以通过可书写墙体进行学习和生活。

Learning areas are situated in the adjacent white buildings organized in clusters around wide staircases. Each cluster consists of two or three classrooms and a central hall has access to an outdoor space and its own colored identity. Thanks to the visual connection of all spaces the cluster creates a naturally enclosed smaller unit within the large building allowing for multiple teaching concepts and variable use. The clusters can be easily adapted by the kids using walls with special magnetic and writable surfaces.   

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室内的木制品也对环境构成了重要影响。木材应用在大厅和食堂的屋面网格中,墙体上也覆盖了木材,同时还有内部的家具、窗台等等。木材元素和孩子们的绘画作品结合在一起,让整座建筑看起来十分温馨。

Woodwork present throughout the interior is very important for the ambiance. Wood is used as the structural material of the roof grid in the lobby and canteen, as wall cladding and for built-in furniture, window sills and facade cladding. Together with a playful graphical identity based on children’s drawings the wooden elements give a warm and homelike feeling to the whole building.   

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结构与技术。这座建筑应用了钢筋混凝土结构,中央建筑的屋面应用了胶合木桁架,坡屋面采用了钢结构框架。内外墙体都通过石灰石砖块砌筑而成。这是一座被动式建筑,热泵和燃气锅炉能够供暖,其使用模式最为优化,教室里也有着热水地板供热系统。

Structure, technology. The building is a monolithic reinforced concrete structure. Glued wooden trusses are used for the flat roof of the central building, pitched roofs are supported by steel frames. Exterior and interior walls are made from sand limestone bricks. The building is designed as a passive house. Heating is provided by heat pumps combined with gas boilers that cover the peak hours and enable to use of the heat pumps in an optimal mode. There is hot water floor heating supported by radiators in the classrooms.

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空气对流体系由压力控制的通风系统所提供,被动式热回收效率为77%,通风系统单元分散排布在每个体量的屋面和阁楼上,通过教室中的二氧化碳数值得以自动控制,在夏天,该系统能够高效地进行夜间预冷,除此之外,雨水回收系统能够灌溉和冲洗厕所。

Air exchange is provided by a pressure-controlled ventilation system with passive heat recuperation with an efficiency of 77%. Ventilation system units are situated decentralized on the roofs and attics of each building. The intensity of ventilation is controlled automatically using the CO2 values in the classrooms. In the summertime, the system is used for night pre-cooling of the building operating at a higher intensity. An extended rainwater accumulation system is installed in the building using the rainwater for irrigation and toilet flushing.

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建筑设计:SOA Architekti
地点:捷克
类型:小学/中学
面积:9308.0 m2
时间:2019年
摄影:Jakub Skokan and Martin Tůma / BoysPlayNice
制造商:Haro, Lindab, Otis, Tarkett, Wienerberger, AMF, Ecophon, JáNOŠíK OKNA-DVEŘE, KM Beta, Lightway, PKS Okna, Sapeli, Solara, TriLine, mm cité
Design Team: Ondřej Píhrt, Štefan Šulek, Ondřej Laciga, Irena Vojtová, Pavel Směták, Tereza Březovská
客户:Town Psáry
机械工程:Projekt Centrum NOVA
能源顾问:Porsenna
平面设计:Barbora Zachovalová

ELEMENTARY & MIDDLE SCHOOL
PSáRY, CZECH REPUBLIC
Architects: SOA Architekti
Area: 9308.0 m2
Year: 2019
Photographs: Jakub Skokan and Martin Tůma / BoysPlayNice
Manufacturers: Haro, Lindab, Otis, Tarkett, Wienerberger, AMF, Ecophon, JáNOŠíK OKNA-DVEŘE, KM Beta, Lightway, PKS Okna, Sapeli, Solara, TriLine, mm cité
Design Team: Ondřej Píhrt, Štefan Šulek, Ondřej Laciga, Irena Vojtová, Pavel Směták, Tereza Březovská
Client: Town Psáry
Construction Engineer: Projekt Centrum NOVA
Energy Consultant: Porsenna
Graphic Designer: Barbora Zachovalová

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