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解决城市喧嚣的新型策略丨巴塞罗那Sant Antoni超级街区第1张图片

Superblock of Sant Antoni / Leku Studio

由专筑网小R编译

来自建筑事务所的描述:巴塞罗那城市肌理十分规整,是一座密集度较高的城市,其中有着需要重新规划以及循环利用的公共空间,从而呼应社会、环境、经济变化的现状。

Text description provided by the architects. The Eixample of Barcelona, characterised byits uniform, regular and extensive grid, shows a solid, mixed and highly densified city with a consolidated public space that now needs to reprogram and recycle itself to respond to a rapidly changing social, environmental and economic reality.

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气候状况、污染,以及绿色社交空间的短缺,推动了以全新框架为基础的创新革新,这个全新的框架能够驱动人类、舒适、健康的生活城市。

Climate emergency, pollution and the lack of green and social spaces, drives an innovative transformation based on a new framework that draws a human, comfortable and healthy city.

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解决城市喧嚣的新型策略丨巴塞罗那Sant Antoni超级街区第4张图片

超级街区的项目是城市改造的内容,该项目需要将街区整合成大型单元,从而重新定义城市的秩序,这个项目以人为本,通过在城市街区角落、绿色健康街道中创建多功能化广场,从而给城市提供发展的契机,也为全新公共空间的开发留下发展余地。

The Superblocks Program is one of the most ambitious urban transformations of the city with a plan that redefines the urban order by merging blocks into bigger units. A people-centred planning that offers the opportunity to gain new public spaces by creating proximity squares in the chamfer corners and green-healthy streets where previously there were cars.

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项目的范围较为广泛,需要构思灵活的策略,测试、临时行为、可逆空间、适应性都是项目的基本要求,因此,Leku工作室需要专门针对其特征进行空间的设计。

The scope of the plan is extensive and the transformation requires a progressive deployment and a flexible approach. Testing, temporary actions, reversibility and adaptability are essential ingredients of the process, and for this, new planning tools are needed that from the Leku Studio office has been working on during the last years

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Sant Antoni超级街区就是典型的案例,在这个项目中,灵活的城市化让超级街区空间的原型在周边地区变得更加具有适应性。

The Superblock of Sant Antoni is an example of this work, in which flexible urbanization has made effective the progressive and adaptive extension of the Superblock model in the neighbourhood.

解决城市喧嚣的新型策略丨巴塞罗那Sant Antoni超级街区第7张图片

灵活性、模块化、适应性

城市化的要求是全新景观空间的可逆性、适应性,以及再利用特征,因此建筑师构思了设计策略,其中包括了适应性城市设施元素、平面风格引导标识系统,及其布局方式。

Flexible, modular and adaptive
The premise of the urbanization is the total reversibility, the adaptability and recycling of the new landscape. To this end, a strategy is designed incorporating a toolkit of adaptive urban furniture elements, a graphic style guide (patterns, signage, communication ...) as well as a deployment methodology.

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图形风格与标识


建筑师将图像语言、标识系统、色彩地图进行了定义与模块化,从而构成了全新的布局基础。这对于图形模式的实施和城市元素的排布都有一定的指导和参考作用。全新的图像瓷砖沿着网格而延伸,并且分布于空间道路中。

Graphic style and signalling
The graphic language, the signage and the colour map are defined as well as the module that, as an extendable mesh, draws the basis of the new distribution. This serves as a guide and reference for the implementation of the graphic pattern and the arrangement of urban elements. The new graphic tile extends along the mesh settling and redistributing the spaces on the road.

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适应性城市设施元素

城市设施元素的设计遵循了基本的网格模块进行组合与调整,这些元素对于城市绿地、空间结构的整合和延伸都非常重要,另外项目中还使用了生态材料。

Adaptive urban furniture toolkit
The toolkit is designed following the modulation established by the base mesh being easily aggregated and combinable with each other, giving rise to a large number of combinations. These sets are key for the integration and extension of urban green as well as for the structuring of spaces. The use of eco-materials as well as the integration project.

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社会、健康发展

这个城市策略以开放的方式让超级街区的逐步发展成为了可能。

Social, healthy and progressive
This urban strategy has made possible the progressive and soft extension of the new Superblock landscape in an open and participative way.

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曾经的城市高速公路现在成为了一条充满设计与绿色环境的健康街道,曾经的交叉路口现在成为了社交广场,汽车的嘈杂声现在为孩子们玩耍游乐的声音所取代,这样的转变也延续了灵活的景观策略,这都来源于城市的体验和社会的创新意识。

Where previously there was an urban highway, now there is a healthy street full of life and green, where there was a traffic intersection now there is a liveable plaza. Car noise has been replaced by children playing, cheerful conversations between neighbours or elderly people chess games ... The transformation continues together with this flexible landscape capable of integrating new changes derived from urban testing and social innovation.

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建筑设计:Leku Studio
地点:西班牙 巴塞罗那
类型:公共空间/可持续
面积:174160平方英尺(约16180平方米)
时间:2019年
摄影:Del Rio Bani
制造商:AutoDesk, Adobe Systems Incorporated, ESCOFET, Fundúctil Tàrrega S L, Robert McNeel & Associates
主创建筑师:Jokin Santiago, Marta Sola
客户:Ayuntamiento de Barcelona
工程设计:Ecivil

PUBLIC SPACE, SUSTAINABILITY
BARCELONA, SPAIN
Architects: Leku Studio
Area: 174160 ft2
Year: 2019
Photographs: Del Rio Bani
Manufacturers: AutoDesk, Adobe Systems Incorporated, ESCOFET, Fundúctil Tàrrega S L, Robert McNeel & Associates
Lead Architects: Jokin Santiago, Marta Sola
Clients: Ayuntamiento de Barcelona
Engineering: Ecivil

       
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